Background Image

Management of anaemia

Management of anaemia

  • Overview

    Anaemia is a condition in which there is an insufficient supply of healthy red blood cells that carry oxygen to the body’s tissue. Patients who are anaemic often feel tired and weak. Anaemia is the most common blood condition, which mostly affects women, young children and people with chronic diseases.

    Certain forms of anaemic are hereditary, affecting infants from the time of birth. Women in the childbearing years are particularly susceptible to iron-deficiency anaemia because of the blood loss from menstruation and the increased blood supply demands during pregnancy.

  • Types of Anaemia
    There are three forms of blood clotting disorders that we assess:
    • Anaemia caused by blood loss

      Anaemia caused by blood loss often goes undetected, as it occurs slowly and over a long period of time.

      This type of anaemia results from gastrointestinal conditions (ulcers, haemorrhoids, gastritis and cancer), the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (dispirin or ibuprofen) which can cause ulcers, menstruation and childbirth where menstrual bleeding is excessive and there are multiple pregnancies.

    • Anaemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production

      Anaemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production is when the body produces too few blood cells, or the blood cells function incorrectly. Red blood cells may be faulty or decreased due to abnormal red blood cells or a lack of minerals and vitamins needed for red blood cells to work properly.

      There are a number of conditions associated with type of anaemia, including sickle cell anaemia, iron-deficiency anaemia, vitamin deficiency, bone marrow and stem cell problems, as well as other health conditions.

    • Anaemia caused by destruction of red blood cells

      Anaemia caused by a destruction of red blood cells occurs when the red blood cells are too fragile to withstand the routine stress of the circulatory system.

      This form of anaemia is also referred to as haemolytic anaemia which is present at birth or may develop later in life, sometimes with no known cause.

Background Image

Haematological Diseases